Key role of a Rural Support Programme is to mobilize, organize and motivate the community to take part in the development activity. Social Mobilization, thus, is the foundation of all activities. SRSO believes that success and sustainability of the Programme depends entirely on quality of social mobilization. This entails creating a proactive community sensitized to its problems and capable of addressing them. To meet such objective, community organizations(CO) are formed
.CO is a group of 15-25 members and is an
important forum for
capitalizing the people’s potential to take an active role in the management
of development activities. COs ordinarily carry out activities such as
household level development planning, training,savings, microcredit and
micro-investment. CO members meet on a fortnightly or monthly basis to
discuss their plans and problems, thereby enhancing existing social capital
and becoming more development oriented. A mobilized community is one that is able to
identify its needs and find the resources necessary to meet those needs. Those
resources may be their own savings or labor, or funds or information from a
line Department. CO members are trained to exploit their potential to take up physical development, managed their resources and accumulate their capital.
Social Mobilization is a long and demanding process requiring guidance, supervision and monitoring of Social Mobilizers. SRSO is sensitive and alive to such vulnerabilities. Therefore SRSO has decentralized the strategy and introduced three tier social mobilization systems:
The concept of
second generation social mobilization culminating into formation of Village Organization (VO)
has been introduced in the social mobilization approach and strategy. This is an
umbrella organization having more than one COs in its fold. Its objective is:
- Ensure capacity building of activists of member COs.
- Ensure participation of
villagers in the decision making about use of local resources.
membership of at least 80 % village households in the COs and
coordination with NGOs and Government Agencies .
Village Organization (VO) are further federated at
union council level to form Local Support Organization (LSO). Federating COs
into VOs and LSOs provides rural communities with the opportunity o mobilise
their villages as well as entire union council . The LSOs in particular, with
their union council level structure, not only aggregate the collective
requirements of its member villages but also form linkages with those external
organizations and government line departments which best serve the developmental
requirements of its communities. The power of social mobilisation therefore
provides poor communities with a unified vision and voice for availing resources
and services which were previously inaccessible to them.
The poverty score based on the Poverty Score Card survey exercise is the criteria for mobilization of extreme poor into the fold of CO membership.
SRSO has adopted the Poverty Scorecard developed by Dr. Mark Schreiner of the
centre for Social Development at Washington University in Saint Louis, the PSC
recently adopted with some modification by the World Bank for measuring poverty
Three lower bands from the results of the poverty score card would be given priority for mobilization.
Community Resource Person (activists both from existing male and female COs) are identified and trained as front line volunteer for forming new community organizations.
The formation of the Women community organization are given priority
In a village where 70% women have been organized, the VO of women will be formed and Community Investment Fund would be provided for the destitute and vulnerable poor members of the COs.